The most used artificial blocks

 

MANY ARTIFICIAL BLOCKS FOR BUILDING BREAKWATERS ARE FREE OF LICENCE

 

 

The most famous and most used licence-free block is the TETRAPODE

 

TETRAPODE , ACCROPODE™II  , ACCROPODE™  , BLOCS LIBRE DE DROITS , CLAS , BREAKWATER SOLUTION

 

It is found on many old works:

 

TETRAPODE , ACCROPODE™II  , ACCROPODE™  , BLOCS LIBRE DE DROITS , CLAS , BREAKWATER SOLUTION

 

The use of TETRAPODE without paying a license has become a common practice. The  cubic block is also used without a license.

 

In some countries the TETRAPODE and the  cubic block are still used to build new structures. However, they are not economical, because they arise in two layers and do not have a coefficient of stability as high as single-layer blocks.

 

 

Today most single-layer artificial blocks are also licence-free and used without a license. Like here in Spain, where the method of placement was obviously not understood:

TETRAPODE , ACCROPODE™II  , ACCROPODE™  , BLOCS LIBRE DE DROITS , CLAS , BREAKWATER SOLUTION

 

Using single-layer blocks is much more difficult than using bilayer blocks. This is the reason why even today, the vendors of licenses are called upon to know how to install them. They no longer sell the patent, when it has fallen into the public domain, they sell the mark, which allows companies to benefit from advice on installation. The patent is therefore not the only protection.

 

 

 

PROTECTION OF INVENTIONS: LIMITED PROTECTION OVER TIME

 

Intellectual property laws are unique to each country and therefore may vary from country to country.

In Europe and the USA, the life of a patent is 20 years.

 

This information can be verified with the INPI in France, which includes European texts, and with the USPO in the United States (WIPO source: https://www.wipo.int/about-ip/fr/).

 

This means that beyond the period of 20 years from the date of filing the patent, the invention is no longer protected and can be used by anyone (source INPI: https: //www.inpi. en / en / understanding-intellectual-property / the-patent.

 

It is said that the invention fell into the public domain.

(WIPO source: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/tk/fr/wipo_grtkf_ic_17/wipo_grtkf_ic_17_inf_8.doc).

 

 

The study requested from CASSIOPI:

 

 

 

 

 

OTHER PROTECTIONS?

 

 

Having the right to exploit an invention whose patent has lapsed (ie. Has fallen into the public domain) does not mean that you can do anything, any way.

Several obstacles must be taken into account:

 

1 THE BRAND

The owner of the lapsed patent (i.e. that has fallen into the public domain) may have registered a trademark to designate the product he was marketing and which implemented the invention formerly protected by patent. This trademark right, which may still be in force, despite the end of patent protection, must be respected.

This trademark protection differs from patent protection; the mark only aims to protect the name of a product (or a service), it does not protect the product (or the service) in itself (source INPI: https://www.inpi.fr / en / understand-intellectual-property / the-brand).

 

2 THE DRAWING OR MODEL

The invention may also be the subject of protection by the filing of designs (source INPI: https://www.inpi.fr/fr/comprendre-la-propriete-intellectuelle/les-dessins-modeles;

WIPO source: https://www.wipo.int/edocs/mdocs/tk/fr/wipo_grtkf_ic_17/wipo_grtkf_ic_17_inf_8.doc). This protection differs from patent protection.

The design protects the appearance of a product as long as these appearance elements do not simply result from the function of your product, but are due to an artistic choice by the author of the design.

Any registered designs or models must be respected.

 

3 DELOYAL COMPETITION

 

The fact that an invention has become copyright free does not allow you to do everything!

You must behave fairly (Source DGCCRF: https://www.economie.gouv.fr/dgccrf/concurrence);

 

Source Court of Cassation:

https://www.courdecassation.fr/publications_26/rapport_annuel_36/rapport_2001_117/deuxieme_partie_tudes_documents_120/tudes_theme_libertes_122/commerce_industrie_5970.html).

 

Freely exploiting an invention (for which the patent has lapsed) does not guarantee that the product (embodying that invention) will work properly

 

 

In this photo we see the result produced by the unlicensed and unconscious use of a single-layer technology that has now become licence-free

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Our experience teaches us that this type of construction cannot withstand a storm and yet costs as much as a well-constructed structure.

 

Our standards and procedures have demonstrated their effectiveness on projects completed on time and received without reservation for 20 years.

 

The company CLAS brings you a proven solution which guarantees you a timely completion, approved without reservation, bringing to the project the durability expected by the customer: the BREAKWATER SOLUTION ™ concept.

 

BREAKWATER SOLUTION ™ is a concept that includes the block of your choice, full-time assistance, quality certification which confirms that the sustainability objectives defined by the design are achieved.

CLAS has surrounded itself with the best intellectual property specialists in order to provide you with a range of services that respect everyone's rights.

 

This is not a CLAS breakwater

 

This is a CLAS breakwater

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References link

 

Testimonial link from our customers

 

 

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